Will Harlan's new biography, Untamed, explores the remarkable and controversial life of Carol Ruckdeschel, a woman who eats road kill, stalks alligators, and lives in a ramshackle cabin on the wild Cumberland Island--the country's largest and most biologically diverse barrier island, off the Georgia coast--all in defense of sea turtles and the future of the park.
We asked Will for his perspective on environmental writing, as well as the books that inspired him to track down the story of the "wildest woman in America."
Untamed is an Amazon selection for 2014's Best Books of the Year So Far.
BEST VOICES OF ENVIRONMENTAL WRITING by Will Harlan
Nature writing can be pretty, and environmental books can be convincing, but I ultimately crave the raw emotion of fellow human beings struggling to find and protect their place in the world. The best environmental writing, I believe, is about people.
People are the problem and the solution. Good environmental writing reconnects people to nature"”not through lectures, but through living, flesh-and-blood examples of courage and commitment. We feel the landscape through them.
For years, I've tried to write about the tangled environmental politics of Cumberland Island. Finally, I realized that the best way to tell the island's story was through the heartbreaking adventures of its most powerful personality. Carol's experiences are more persuasive than any political argument.
Here are a few of my favorite environmental voices and books. Instead of preachy diatribes or flowery descriptions, they inspire me with gritty, gutsy characters"”some legendary, some overlooked"”who stand their ground and speak for the wild.
The Last American Man by Elizabeth Gilbert
A modern-day pioneer living nearly self-sufficiently on a wild reserve in Appalachia, Eustace Conway embodies the ideals of American masculinity"”ruggedness, courage, and independence. However, those hard-fought ideals have a price. Liz Gilbert shows us the tired, lonely man behind the bravado. A tough, buckskin-clad maverick hunts for the one thing missing from his mountain refuge: love.
Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer
Chris McCandless is either a stupid kid or self-reliant hero. As soon as he graduates college, he gives away all of his savings and wanders the wild, seeking adventure and an authentic relationship with the land"”until he finds himself starving to death alone in the Alaskan wilderness. Barely able to lift a pen, he scribbles this final message, which continues to haunt and shape my own life: "Happiness only real when shared."
Encounters with the Archdruid by John McPhee
McPhee masterfully captures the nuances and complexities of the most influential modern environmentalist, David Brower, by shadowing him on close-combat crusades to protect America's last wild places. But don't expect classic confrontations with battle lines clearly drawn; Brower is far more kaleidoscopic. Like Brower himself, the book's strength is in its subtlety, with finely drawn characters exquisitely presented in shades of gray.
Refuge by Terry Tempest Williams
Williams' mother is dying from exposure to nearby nuclear testing, and wildlife is being wiped out by dams and development. In her unflinching memoir, Williams wrestles with life and death out in the wide-open Utah desert and seeks shelter where there is none.
Ecology of a Cracker Childhood by Janisse Ray
Ray's hardscrabble upbringing in a south Georgia junkyard is an unlikely start for an environmental luminary, but the rusted scrap heaps of her childhood are chock full of raw, resourceful characters"”including an authoritarian father who locks his family in a closet and a snuff-dipping coon hunter who introduces her to the wild woods. Ray weaves her own story into the razed red-clay landscape and leads a rebellion to save the South's last longleaf pine forests.
Desert Solitaire by Edward Abbey
It's definitely the most sermonizing selection of the bunch, but Abbey's coarse, thunderous voice crying out for the wilderness still echoes across the desert he called home. Amid his nerve-tingling adventures as a park ranger, the monkey-wrenching anarchist unleashes forceful, full-blooded pleas for the last scraps of wildlands.
The Lost Grizzlies by Rick Bass
Grizzly bears had not been seen for 15 years in southern Colorado until a small group sets out to find them. Bass seeks more than bears, though; he is tracking his own wildness and the longings of the human heart, which only are revealed in the presence of something larger.